In Italian, the term Alberobello means "beautiful tree". Alberobello is a small yet characteristic town located South East of Puglia in the province of Bari, with a population of about 11,000 people.
Alberobello is situated on two hills; the new town is located on the eastern hill and is characterized by a modern architecture. The western part is occupied by the old town (trulli) and the whole area is divided into two districts: Monti and Aia Piccola, both National Monuments. Alberobello is without question one of the most characteristic towns in Italy and is famous for its traditionally built ancient stone houses called trulli, (which since 1996 have been named a UNESCO World Heritage site).
Their shape is due to the economic conditions at the time. It was forbidden to build without the permission of king Ferdinand I of Aragon. He declared that peasants were not allowed to build permanent homes. Since the stones had no cement they could be taken apart and moved easily.
The trulli have in recent years become more and more one of the top major tourist attractions in Puglia, and is must see for all tourists visiting Southern Italy. These trulli are situated on a hill with a labyrinth of paths creating a once in a lifetime picturesque sight. It is fun to wander around these lanes on the hill and quietly observe the activities of daily living among the locals.
Over the years artisans have created stores under in these trulli for tourists to enjoy. Sant'Antonio church was built in 1926 in the form of a Trullo and provides an amazing view of the entire area.
The Trullo Sovrano, the only one with two floors, was built in the 18th century located in a small square behind the Mother Church.
The landscape around Alberobello is charming and magical; it makes the town one of the most popular attractions in the region. Local handicrafts can be purchased around the old town, which include: local art, hand woven baskets, stone sculptures, ornaments made from local iron and handmade textiles. Alberobello has also a fantasic production of local wines and olive oils, and typical local dishes: the sweet almonds, and macaroons pasta amongst others.
Not to be missed
The "Trullo Sovrano" is definitely a good starting point to visit Alberobello from North to South .
The Basilica of Medical Saints Cosma and Damiano, protectors of Alberobello, located in the near surroundings of the "Trullo Sovrano" .
Casa D'Amore, the first building not being a trullo, a symbol of freedom from feudalism (1797)
The district Aia Piccola .
At the top of Monti is the famous Church of St. Antonio, built of stone and technique of the trulli
The Patronal Feast, dedicated to the Saints Cosma and Damiano takes place each year between the 25th and 28th of September.
In summer Alberobello plays host to a number of festivals. These include a significant international folk festival, music festivals including classical, jazz and popular music, dance, theatre, street theatre and children’s events. There are also religious festivals with music performances and firework displays. Most of the performances are free and open-air.